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貨代小知識:買單報關與單證報關的區別

發布時間:2021-12-16 15:29 人氣:

  買單報關與單證報關的區別

  The difference between purchase order customs declaration and documentary customs declaration

  有出口權的企業/工廠才有單證,單證報關需要提供一整套的報關資料給貨代/報關行。國家激勵出口,對有出口權的企業進行退稅所以,單證報關的企業主要是可以申請退稅具體退多少取決于貨物對應的國家政策。

  Only enterprises/factories with the right to export have a single document,and a single document declaration needs to provide a full set of customs declaration information to the freight forwarder/customs broker.State incentives to export,the right to export enterprises for tax rebates,so the main thing is to apply for tax rebates for enterprises with a documentary declaration depends on the corresponding national policy of the goods.

  買單報關指的是沒有出口權的企業,借助他人的單證進行報關,所以買單報關不需要提供單證當然,也不享有退稅的權利。

  Buy-sheet customs clearance refers to enterprises without export rights,with the help of other people's documents for customs clearance,so buy-sheet customs clearance does not need to provide documents,of course,also do not enjoy the right to tax rebates.

  CIF需要提供:

  CIF needs to provide.

  貨物品名/柜型/數量/重量/裝貨地址/起運港/買單or單證,還有目的港DDU/DDP則需要根據客戶具體的要求,在CIF信息的基礎上,可能需要提供貨值/目的地詳細地址/收貨人信息等。

  Cargo name/container type/quantity/weight/loading address/port of origin/buy order or documents,and the destination port DDU/DDP need to be based on the specific requirements of the customer,on the basis of CIF information,may need to provide the value of goods/destination address details/consignee information.

  當貨代接收到以上信息時會給發貨人(客戶)報價確認報價后接單,一般需要客戶提供:裝箱單/提供錄艙單給客戶填寫信息與客戶確認無誤后(包括裝箱單信息/船期等)

  When the freight forwarder receives the above information will give the consignor(customer)offer to confirm the offer to take orders,generally need to provide customers:packing list/provide the recorded manifest to the customer to fill out the information and customer confirmation(including packing list information/ship date,etc.)

  以CIF為例:

  Take CIF as an example.

  貨代向船公司訂艙安排拖車(列明柜號、車牌號、司機及聯系電話)等船公司下發SO(訂艙單/提箱單)

  將提箱單給拖車司機,司機拿著提箱單去堆場打單,打單之后,會拿到一份“設備交接單”(一式多聯)和一個鉛封司機拿著資料去指定的堆場提空柜,接著到工廠裝柜,工廠裝好貨之后,用鉛封把箱子封上(一般會拍照取證)再將封好的貨柜拉回碼頭。

  Freight forwarder to the shipping company booking arrangements for the trailer(specify the container number,license plate number,driver and contact phone)and other shipping companies to issue SO(booking list/bill of lading)

  The bill of lading to the tow truck driver,the driver with the bill of lading to the yard to play a single,after playing a single,will get a"equipment handover sheet"(in multiples)and a seal driver with the information to the designated yard to lift the empty container,then to the factory to load the container,the factory after loading the goods,with a seal to seal the box(generally will be photographed for evidence)and then the sealed container pulled back to the dock.


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